Fire drills have been part of the fire safety curriculum for years. They are the foundation for effective emergency preparedness. The United States Department of Agriculture’s Forest Service states that fire drills are essential to training. Because many of the fires in a home, such as those from dry and burnt plants, come about naturally, fire drills also help teach youngsters not to be careless with fire.
There are different things that you can do when conducting fire drills. Many state or federal agencies and educational establishments, such as Fire Engineering and Fire Science have offered some suggestions for how to prepare for a fire drill. You should always start by getting all the children present a description of what the drill is going to be about. It may be as simple as a video showing where they will be going during the course of the day, which rooms they should stay in, and what animals or other creatures may be in the home.
Some of the more advanced materials, including classroom fires and national and local radio and television appearances by fire experts, include a discussion about what types of equipment that you will need and some of the basic steps that you will take to ensure the safety of the children during the event. The older children will already know what things to do in an emergency and may even have some of the flashlights and matches that will be needed. For younger children, there will be an emergency kit available.
When conducting a drill, you should make it easy for the children to understand the drill and respond in a safe manner. You can explain to them in a very straightforward manner that some fires, particularly those that occur through electrical wiring, are very dangerous. In these cases, the children should know what to do in case they find a wire or appliance that may have caught fire.
Avoid letting the children think that it is fun to try to figure out what could have caused the fire. They should be taught to respond in a calm, rational manner if a fire breaks out. No matter how bad a fire looks, all children should be taught to run away from the fire, rather than running towards it. If there is an emergency kit with fire extinguishers, then you may want to discuss the possible uses of these and how to use them during a fire drill.
Conducting a mock fire drill is an important part of building the right mindset. This training should help the children to develop the ability to respond calmly to an emergency. Other children, who have never been in a real fire, will not be able to react the same way as older children who have been through a real fire in the past.
When you are conducting a drill at your home, it is best to contact your local fire department. They can provide you with a list of some of the supplies that you will need to supply for the purposes of your drill. Make sure that you take a group photograph at the end of the event to insure that everyone has a copy of the image so that you can use for a classroom presentation.
Fire drills are not only used as a means of education but also as a means of teaching children to behave appropriately in an emergency. They should be conducted every year, and children should be taught to respond quickly and be able to stop the spread of a fire.