There are many ways to prepare for a natural disaster and volcano preparedness is one of them. After all, no one wants to live next to a volcano in a place like Hawaii or on the tip of South America.
What we do have is some very good preparedness measures that should make it easy to survive the next big eruption. For example, it is wise to have lots of information about the hazards of volcanoes, and then move away from them as soon as you can.
Preparedness measures should be thought of before a disaster ever comes. For example, even if you don’t plan to evacuate, you may want to learn about weather patterns, what is happening in the area, and when it might be the right time to leave.
Before any volcano erupts, it can be pretty clear that something big is going to happen. The danger will come in when the lava begins to spew, or the air is filled with smoke and debris. If you have a good plan and get away before the disaster starts, you will be much more likely to be safe.
A full system of preparedness is much better than having no system at all. In Hawaii, this includes a strong or portable underground shelter, fire suppression equipment, and cell phone or home alarm systems. You should be able to purchase these items cheaply and easily at your local hardware store.
If you have plans to go somewhere where lava rocks are abundant, you should check with your travel agent about where you will be going. He or she should know how to provide some kind of shelter, how to get back to your hotel, and how to contact you if a volcanic eruption occurs. Also, they should be able to prepare an alternate route to the hotel, and what to do if you have no cell phone or home alarm.
If you can not escape for any reason, after a volcano has erupted, try to get into a position where you will not be able to be exposed to the fire. Of course, you want to be where you will not be at risk, but getting someplace that is still cool and dry is a great place to be.
It is always possible to be safe from a small volcanic eruption, but sometimes a small one can produce a large explosion that can damage buildings, injure people, and kill animals. If you can get away from the ash cloud quickly and if you can get some kind of shelter, the only thing you will really have to worry about is making sure you have food and water for yourself and your family.