Volcano safety is essential when you are venturing out on a volcanic island. The Big Island is filled with volcanoes and the USGS says there will be another one erupting by 2020. If you are not familiar with them, you should know that they can have an effect on an area as small as a neighborhood or large as a city. Your safety should be your top priority and knowing how to prepare yourself for a volcano trip is extremely important.
First of all, there is no ground eruption from the ones that do erupt. A surface eruption is when the ash and lava from a volcano create a crater and a cloud of dust and smoke from the volcanic gases rise up into the atmosphere. These gases, like sulfur dioxide, can cause headaches, shortness of breath, nausea, respiratory issues, and even an aneurysm. The first thing you should do if you suspect you may be experiencing an eruption is to start taking steps to get out of the area as quickly as possible. You should avoid driving or walking to the edge of the crater because it can still cause you harm even though you have walked away from it.
Volcano safety begins with being familiar with the physical characteristics of volcanoes. Know where they are located, know the amount of ground that they cover, and how often they erupt. If you are going to the area for an actual eruption, you should find out what the emergency services for the area are going to need to get you out of harm’s way.
For a surface eruption there is no immediate danger to you, but there is. To save your life, it is crucial that you remain at least five feet away from a volcano. Also, do not travel alone. It is also important to keep a first aid kit close at hand for those emergencies. If you encounter a situation where you have to seek medical attention, contact 911 immediately to avoid harming yourself.
Volcanosafety for off the island trips is not so simple. Since most volcanoes are still on the side of the island, you cannot simply head off to another island for the entire trip. What is best is to plan your trip in advance and hire someone to be on the island with you to ensure you are aware of the physical characteristics of the volcano and how it behaves.
During the trip, be sure to stay tuned to the volcano and listen for any signs of eruptions and if possible, make notes of the potential danger areas on the map. Remember that the two biggest dangers for an eruption is a flash-flood and debris falling into the crater.
Once you are back home, be sure to study the weather forecast and do everything in your power to minimize the potential for future eruptions. This includes installing, or taking advantage of, any preventative measures you can do to lessen the chance of a disaster happening. Knowing the right precautions to take is something that should be taken seriously if you want to enjoy a volcano vacation.
When you are considering volcano trips and learn about volcano safety, you should know that preparation is key. Find a guide who knows about volcanoes and what to do if you should come face to face with one.