In the past, outbreak training has been a costly and time consuming experience. The effort required to actually apply the prevention or control measure was no less than the initial diagnosis of a contagious disease. Only recently has this scenario changed, with better infection control procedures and more education on how to recognize the symptoms of a disease. Now it is possible to properly plan for and implement a plan for outbreaks.
Prevention through training programs is one way to prevent infectious diseases. When the proper precautions are implemented, the general public is safer and those who are infected are less likely to spread the disease. The education provided and the information learned can help to decrease the number of cases of disease as well as lower the cost of treating the illnesses.
During outbreak training, experts will provide an overview of how outbreaks occur and how they are treated. This is done using the example of a specific virus or bacteria and the necessary steps for prevention. Training sessions can be personalized to specific situations. Depending on the type of disease and the location where the illness is occurring, different levels of training may be required. The focus is to reduce risk and minimize the costs associated with medical treatment.
There are many available training resources online that offer courses on the prevention of infectious diseases. A course may not be the same for every individual or family. Depending on the severity of the disease and the risk associated with a specific case, various levels of training may be necessary. Some examples of diseases include; HIV, Ebola, hepatitis, herpes, diabetes, genital warts, influenza, salmonella, measles, mumps, polio, chicken pox, shingles, hepatitis A, Shiga toxin-producing E. coli, Norwalk disease, and West Nile virus.
Outbreak training can provide an opportunity to review precautions that should be taken prior to any outbreak. This includes wearing masks and gloves, hand washing, and disinfecting items before touching them. These steps should be performed regardless of whether the disease is present or not. The key to avoiding the spread of diseases is to make the necessary precautions.
After the outbreak, an outbreak response team will contact the proper authorities, such as the health department or the local health department. This team will take care of the aftermath of the outbreak. The source of the outbreak will be isolated to prevent the spread of the disease. All necessary treatments will be provided. Cleaning equipment will be utilized and the areas contaminated will be treated.
During the outbreak, people are encouraged to report their contacts and symptoms to the health department. Some symptoms of an outbreak include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, and rectal bleeding. It is important to report these symptoms to a health care provider, as they could signal an acute or chronic infection.
Incubation periods are generally 10 days, though in some cases there may be a need to move the patient to another location temporarily while treatment is administered. After the outbreak has ended, the necessary treatments will be terminated and the patient will be released.